A cofactor in more than 300 enzyme systems that regulate diverse biochemical reactions in the body, including protein synthesis, muscle and nerve function, blood glucose control, and blood pressure regulation.
It contributes to the structural development of bone.
Plays a role in the active transport of calcium and potassium ions across cell membranes, a process that is important to nerve impulse conduction, muscle contraction, and normal heart rhythm.
Groups at Risk of Magnesium Inadequacy:
•People with gastrointestinal diseases
•People with type 2 diabetes
•People with alcohol dependence
-Hypertension and cardiovascular disease
-Type 2 diabetes
because of the important role of magnesium in glucose metabolism